The ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) maintains power through violent attacks, politically motivated prosecutions, draconian laws, and corruption. Prime Minister Hun Sen, in power since 1985, oversees effectively one-party rule in the National Assembly since CPP-controlled courts dissolved the main opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party in 2017. During the Covid-19 pandemic, the CPP has enacted laws that further curtail free speech, online and offline, and other rights. Opposition leader Kem Sokha and some 150 opposition members are facing sham trials on baseless charges. Dozens of activists are imprisoned for peaceful activism and protests. The few independent media outlets and journalists face constant government harassment.

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