In 2020, Lebanon endured multiple crises, including a massive explosion in Beirut’s port, an economic collapse, rising political instability, and the Covid-19 global pandemic. The Lebanese authorities’ corruption and failure to address these crises have resulted in a drastic deterioration of rights. The domestic investigation into the Beirut Blast is not independent, transparent, or credible. Security forces have at times used excessive and lethal force against protesters. The economic crisis and Covid-19 pandemic have endangered the ability of hospitals to provide life-saving care. Electricity blackouts are becoming common, sometimes lasting up to 22 hours per day. Women continue to face systematic discrimination and violence.

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